Wednesday, May 20

Uncovering the Real Bobby Locke

By John Coyne

Copyright © John Coyne. All rights reserved. Used with permission.

THE SERIES OF SHORT PIECES entitled "Bad Boy Bobby Locke" that I published on this blog last year has drawn the attention of players who remember one of the greats of the game. It has also drawn the attention of Locke's extended family, an aging relative who wants to, and rightly so, correct errors in the history of South Africa's first famous golfer and set (finally!) Bobby Locke's personal record straight.

John Coyne unravels
decades of fiction
about Bobby Locke.
This close family member has gone to original military service records of which I have received proper copies. Now we have, in a well-documented, yet to be published, article entitled, "Arthur D'Arcy (Bobby) Locke -- Second World War Record," covering the period 1939 to 1945. The report was written by Alfred Pratt, a relative who was raised in the Locke family household.

As Pratt writes in a brief introduction:
Arthur D'Arcy 'Bobby'  Locke was born on 20th November 1917 at Germiston in the Transvaal, South Africa. His parents were Charles James Locke, profession Gents Outfitter (Retail), and his mother Olive Locke, (nee Harrison) lifelong mother and housewife. His father was born in Belfast, Northern Ireland, and his mother in Cape Town. Her family originated in England and Ireland and the first of them, arrived in Cape Town in 1822.  Locke died in Johannesburg on 9th March 1987 after a short illness, spinal meningitis. He is generally acknowledged as one of the all-time 'Greats of Golf' and the finest putter of all up to and including his lifetime.
While all of these facts are not in question, Bobby Locke's personal history became tangled up and distorted over the years because of a series of misquotes, fabrications and enhancements -- by Locke himself and others. That inaccurate history sullies the real achievements by Locke on many golf courses around the world.

Alfred Pratt has cleared up the history, at least of Locke's war record that had him flying hundreds of dangerous missions, quoting exaggerated and erratic flying hours claims, in the Middle East and Europe, living in Egypt, and emerging as a heroic fighter and bomber pilot in WWII for the South African Air Force.

As Pratt wrote me, "It became obvious some years ago that the 'stories' of Bobby Locke and his heroic war service did not match certain known facts. For example, family members knew that he was posted to Port Elizabeth after his marriage in 1943 and well into 1944 and that he could not possibly have been in Egypt at the time as he claimed in 1943. We all knew that he did not suffer from shell-shock or any post operational stress disorder."

His taciturn behavior on the golf course was assumed in his calm, calculated methods of mental focus (one of his greatest strengths) and he never shifted his weight from left to right foot and back as "he was accustomed to in aiming his bomber and its load at hostile targets -- sinking his putts by using old flying habit methods"!  Furthermore, he could not have suffered anguish and guilt complex at the screams and moans of his dying victims bombed at Monte Cassino, an operation carried out, solely, by the U.S. Army Air Force at a time when he was still based in South Africa.

Researching Locke's War Record

Pratt, in 1993, began to set the record straight, and researched with Colonel Graham du Toit, an acknowledged military researcher and expert on the South African Air Force, the Locke war record obtained from the Department of Defense, Pretoria, South Africa. 

Pratt goes on to say, "The simple acid test was to obtain the facts from his SAAF service record and make direct comparisons with his own reports and the rumors generated amongst others."

According to Pratt's research, Locke's final posting as a freshly qualified co-pilot on twin engine Wellington Bombers was to Italy three days after hostilities had ceased on 8th May 1945. Locke only spent a few weeks with Number 31 Squadron (a four engine, Liberator equipped squadron) before being posted home for demobilization. He further exaggerated his total length of his SAAF service period against the proven facts.

Locke purposely omitted any mention of the problems, the employment he had at Macauvlei Country Club and the circumstances of his dismissal, as well as ignoring the episode completely from his book. He covered  the elapsed time in 1938 and from his return arrival from England in 1939 to late 1940 with a tissue of lies about his arrangements with Vereeniging Country Club and the dates covered, pretending that his arrangements went back further in time than they did.

Family members also knew that he was "slow" in joining up in the S.A. Forces when his fellow South Africans were volunteering in droves. Meanwhile, Locke was virtually unemployed with no tournaments or championships available to him except by going to America, which had been his plan while still employed at Macauvlei. He, belatedly, decided to sign up for the South African Air Force.

Locke's nephew concludes in his article -- which is perhaps the real reason he had gone to such lengths in his research on Bobby Locke -- that while his uncle was qualified to fly a variety of airplanes, and spent much of his time instructing other pilots to do the same, and did serve just under five years in the S.A.A.F, "his work in training others to fly warplanes is not questioned nor is his teaching effort being challenged or denigrated in the slightest. But in any reasonable view, heaping unfounded praises and acclamations on any undeserving individual in these circumstances constitutes an insult to those who gave their lives, heroically or not, the wounded and active combat personnel, sung and unsung in defense of their countries."

Historian Pratt's research and family knowledge was used by Craig Urquhart in his 2014 book entitled, The Kings of Swing: Behind the Scenes with South Africa's Golfing Greats.

Putter Mystery

Bobby Locke with his
famous flatstick.
While Bobby Locke's war record has been correctly documented by the careful and detailed research done by Alfred Pratt and Colonel Graham du Toit, what remains in mystery is, perhaps to golfers and golf fans, a much more interesting question: 

What happened to Locke's famous, success-earning, hickory shafted putter? 

It seems to have disappeared without a trace and been supplanted by a host of lookalikes and replicas all over the world. But did it?


John Coyne is a bestselling author whose latest golf novel is The Caddie Who Won the Masters. Learn more at John Coyne Books.

1 comment:

Alfred Pratt said...

Armchair Golf displays, over a long period, a splendid effort to tell good stories about the Heroes on the Golf Course & Links. I have to say that the efforts made to reveal the facts of history, in clear facts & clear, biographical details have proved most interesting & informative about a wide range of ancient & modern golfers.

The facts about the 1940-1945 War Record of Bobby Locke have been carefully & accurately revealed on this website. There can be no doubt that Bobby Locke had many splendid characteristics playing golf to a very high standard under huge pressure & those golfing virtues were very well displayed & rewarded.

However, for some peculiar reason, Locke, my Uncle, decided to lie about his World War Two record &, thereby, convinced others to acclaim him as a Combat War Hero. It was clear that these false claims should be exposed for what they are & I, sadly, had to accept the fact that my Uncle , on occasions, was "A Stranger to the Truth" & it is hard to imagine why he needed to do such a thing. His accurately & carefully researched official record, held by The South African Defence Force Records Office in Pretoria reveals the truth in detail & provable facts. They are open to one & all for scrutiny.

Thank you, "Armchair Golf" for confirming & showing the record as it really is. It is a shame that a great sportsman felt it necessary, having proved himself as a hero of the golf links, should decide to lie about his wartime activities. It is a shame & an insult to the true heroes, who sacrificed their lives in combat & service in that conflict, & I felt it imperative to correct those false claims for historical, factual reasons.

Thank you Armchair Golf. The South African Records Office at Pretoria is open to all & sundry to verify those facts.